Biology & Medicine

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Bats and the Doppler Shift

Keywords: bats, Doppler shift compensation, echolocation

What compensation for doppler shifts do bats perform to keep their echoes within their hearing range?

This example investigates the compensation for Doppler shifts bats perform to keep their echoes within their range of maximal hearing sensitivity.

9 years 8 weeks ago

Bicycling and Calories

Keywords: air drag, conservation of energy, energy transfers, metabolic efficiency, rolling friction, work done

How long do you have to ride your bicycle to burn off a doughnut?

This example looks at the relationship between physical exercise and calorie consumption.

9 years 8 weeks ago

Blood Pressure

Keywords: Bernoulli's equation, fluids

Why do you feel dizzy if you stand up too quickly?

This example investigates how the pressure in the major arteries will vary depending on the position of the body and some physiological consequences of such changes.

9 years 8 weeks ago

Chaos, Frog Ponds, and Red Tide

Keywords: Chaos, Complexity, Population Biology

Sometimes things are less complicated than they seem...

Under certain circumstances, simple equations can model complicated results. We can make a model of a frog pond that shows this type of behaviour. Sometimes this complex behaviour can lead us to identify incorrect, or not entirely correct, causes for the behaviour.

7 years 24 weeks ago

Cheetah Chase

Keywords: constant acceleration, displacement, kinematics, uniform motion, velocity

How far away can a cheetah be from a gazelle and still be guaranteed to catch it?

This example combines both constant acceleration and uniform motion to determine the maximum distance that a gazelle can be away from a cheetah for the cheetah to have a chance of catching the gazelle.

9 years 8 weeks ago

Commuting by car or cycle - which is better?

Keywords: bicycle, Carbon footprint, consumption, cycling, energy, Food, spreadsheets

It's not actually that clear...

We set out to find how much of a change it would make environmentally if one cycled instead of drove to work and then further expanded our findings to include the variables of diet composition and material goods ownership.

7 years 18 weeks ago

Electric Shock

Keywords: current, electric shock, electrical safety, electricity, electromagnetic induction, GFCI, ground fault circuit interrupter, induced emf, magnetic field, magnetic flux, protective devices, resistance, voltage

What effect does electricity have on the human body?

This article discusses the physiological effects of electric shock as well as a protective device installed in typically dangerous areas: ground fault circuit interrupters.

8 years 49 weeks ago

Energy Cost of Transport

Keywords: energy, transport

How much energy does it take to move a person or a tonne of freight from A to B?

We compare how much energy it takes to move something from A to B using a variety of means: road, rail, water, air, and if that something is a human, walking and bicycling.

9 years 1 week ago

Falling Cats

Keywords: drag force, terminal velocity

Why does your cat have a better chance of surviving a fall from a large cliff than you do?

This example incorporates air resistance into free fall to derive the terminal velocity reached. The terminal velocities and physiology of cats and humans are compared.

9 years 8 weeks ago


Keywords: aircraft, birds, energy, flight, transport cost

It takes energy to fly. How much?

We examine how much energy it takes to fly from A to B, whether by bird, model glider, small plane or 747.

9 years 1 week ago
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