Energy Use at Home

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Light Bulb Efficiency and Hand Crank Energy Generation

Keywords: breadboard, circuit, efficiency, electricity generation, energy, energy conversion, Lend an Experiment (LEx), lighting

What does it really take to power a light bulb?

This activity is part of the LEx (Lend an Experiment) Climate Kit. Students compare the power consumption of incandescent and LED bulbs through the use of hand crank generators and a simple circuit. Concepts include the conversion of mechanical to electrical energy, power and efficiency, and measurement estimation. There is an option to also investigate the efficiency of the hand crank generator.

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1 year 30 weeks ago

Fan Efficiency

Keywords: efficiency, electric fan, power

How can we measure the efficiency of an electric fan?

When you're out shopping for an electric fan, it might be a good idea to look for one that not only keeps you cool, but keeps your energy consumption low, too. Using an anemometer, Kill-A-Watt meter and a little bit of math, you can figure out how efficient your fan really is.

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4 years 27 weeks ago

Low-E Glass

Keywords: emissivity, thermal radiation

How do you tell the difference between low-E and regular glass?

With a cheap IR thermometer, low-E glass can be easily distinguished from the normal variety.

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4 years 32 weeks ago

What do I (we) do about my (our) carbon footprint?

Keywords: Carbon footprint, reduction

A very frequent question asked by students after learning about climate change is "But what can I (we) do about it?". Here are some ideas, all of which have benefits in addition to reducing greenhouse gases, and so are worth considering even if you reject the idea of anthropogenic global warming completely.

Here is a set of suggestions for science students who wish to take action to reduce their own and their family's or community's carbon footprint. Most of the ideas are about education and attitude. We also list three achievable ways of reducing your annual emissions by least a tonne of carbon dioxide.

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5 years 22 weeks ago

TriColour LED Flashlight

Keywords: activity, battery, breadboard, circuit, colour addition, LED, resistors, switch, tricolour LED

Make your own TriColour LED Flashlight!

This is a straightforward classroom or summer camp activity to teach students simple circuitry and the addition of colours. The students can go home with a useful and energy-efficient flashlight.

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5 years 35 weeks ago

Energy and Power

Keywords: definition, energy, types, useage

What is energy? Why is it such a useful concept? How does it relate to power?

Energy is the capacity to do work (both are measured in Joules). Power is the rate at which energy is transformed from one state to another, often from a stored state into work (a Joule of energy transformed per second is a Watt of power). Subsistence living requires about 200 W per person. Western living requires about 10 kW per person. Humankind currently uses about 12.5 TW of power, most from fossil fuels. Ten billion people living a western lifestyle (the not-impossible goal of many futurists) would require 100 TW of power.

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5 years 35 weeks ago

Energy Efficiency and the Jevons Paradox

Keywords: consumption, efficiency, energy, jevons, solid state lighting

Will increasing efficiency really reduce energy consumption?

Increases in energy efficiency have been shown to increase, rather than decrease, consumption.

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6 years 24 weeks ago

Heating Efficiency

Keywords: efficiency, electric, energy, gas, power

Which is better: gas or electric heat?

Calculating or measuring efficiency means tracking the power all the way from source to end-user.

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6 years 30 weeks ago

Heat Balance in the Human Body

Keywords: calories, energy, energy use, evaporation, metabolic rate, power, sweat, thermal radiation, thinking

How much energy does our body use? How do we keep cool when it is really hot out? Can we justify eating more when studying?

Treating the human body as a thermodynamic system, with food energy going in and heat flow due to radiation, convection, evaporation and conduction, we can see how we can maintain a constant core temperature in a huge variety of environmental conditions.

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6 years 36 weeks ago

Cool Roofs

Keywords: albedo, carbon dioxide, emission, energy, surface temperature

Can painting our roofs white offset tonnes of CO2 emissions??

In this article, we look at how we can save energy, reduce the Earth’s surface temperature and offset carbon dioxide emissions just by making our roofs and pavements a lighter colour!

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6 years 36 weeks ago
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